Mental – health professionals classify patients into one of four levels of retardation.
Mild Mental Retardation:
Moderate Mental Retardation:
Severe Mental Retardation:
Profound Mental Retardation:
Risk factors are related to the causes, Causes of mental retardation can be roughly broken down into several categories.
Infections (Present at birth or occurring after birth):
The symptoms of mental retardation usually appear early in life. Children with the disorder tend to develop more slowly than normal. They may learn to sit up, to walk, to talk, and to perform Other simple tasks later than average. Mental retardation is often accompanied by other symptoms as well. These symptoms include aggression, a tendency toward self – injury , and personality changes. As a child grows older, the best indication of mental retardation is the standard intelligence tests.
Changes to normal behaviors depend on the severity of the condition. Mild retardation may be associated with a lack of curiosity and quiet behavior. Severe mental retardation is associated with infantile behavior throughout life.
Prenatal screening for genetic counseling for families at risk for known heritable disorders can decrease the incidence of genetically caused mental retardation.
Social: Government programs to ensure adequate nutrition are available to the underprivileged in the first and most critical years of life. These programs can reduce retardation associated with malnutrition. Early intervention in situations involving abuse and deprivation will also help.
The child was always seen isolated from the group and made no attempt to join in the fun and frolic of the other children. On further probing it was found that there were a number of such children in and around Special education, The result was the establishment of Vidivelli in 1987 . A school for the mentally challenged children by the management Sisters of St. Anne,s Trichy.